Chydira also has the only working winery on the island. This wine comes from a variety unknown in the bibliography of viniculture, which the locals call krasostafilo (wine-grape). Here is the Methymneos- wine produced, a product of organic farming. The grapes grow completely naturally, according to the laws of the household economy of villagers in Western Lesbos, who haThis is a matter of principle, essential for the quality of the product and the health of consumers and in respect of Greek history and tradition.
The vineyards are situated at an altitude of 300m, in the crater of the inactive volcano of Western Lesbos, near the village of Chydira. The whitish sulphurous and volcanic soil and the Mediterranean mountain micro-climate are ideal for the production of high quality wines.
Two more wineries on Lesvos, the one in Megalohori and the other in Karuonas, make the effort to produce fine wine and they have so far very good results.
The wine of Lesbos was the most expensive in the markets of ancient Athens, Rome and Byzantine Constantinople and the only wine in the harems of the Turkish sultans. According to Archestratos "Deipnologos" (4th century B.C.), an ancient writer and fanatic connoisseur, the wine of Lesbos was the best of antiquity:
"I can name and praise the wines produced in other cities
and their names I do not forget.
But none of them is compared to the wine of Lesbos."
(Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, A, 52d)
Unfortunately, the ancient Lesvos Grape Variety, which produced this exquisite wine, was almost destroyed by phylloxera at around the middle of the 20th century. It was only in 1985 that the family of Dimitris Lambrou, editor of the historical research magazine «Davlos», started replanting, using buds from the last remaining vines of the island grafted on rootstock resistant to phylloxera. The ancient variety was later identified and classified as unique through the use of DNA techniques. It was the firm belief of the D. Lambrou family in the great winemaking potentials of the Lesbos Grape Variety which ignited this quest and led to the dawn of a whole new era for wine-making on the island.
Lesvos, Greece, wineIts unique clean and brilliant ruby-like red color, which is characteristic of old wines, is combined in a very distinctive way with the light and young aromas of honey and citrus fruit and an equally unique taste that is also an interplay of the old and the new. These special characteristics of Methymneos stem from the grape variety by which it is produced as well as the soil of the inactive volcano where the vineyards are located."
The name «Methymneos» was an adjective attributed to Dionysus (Plutarch, Moralia, B, 648e), derived from the words methy(=wine), hymeneos(=wedding) and the hymn of the symposia, and thus reflects the mythical and noble nature of our wine.